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Aidan Militello

CVU– This year, CVU has decided to double down on school policies for students who arrive at school late. Arriving more than ten minutes after eight forty five is considered an unexcused absence.

Three unexcused absences triggers a meeting with a teacher to discuss why you are arriving late. Five unexcused absences triggers a meeting with teachers and parents to discuss strategies on how to arrive on time, and if the absences are all in one class, the cut process may be applied.

In interviewing Fairbanks house administrator Arthur Chiaravalli about the late policy this year, I found that the policies are not new and have not been altered this year. The school is simply reinforcing policies already in place in order to create a more normal classroom environment. During Covid, CVU was much more separated, and by reinforcing these policies this year, the hope is that it will help to bring the CVU community together.

According to Chiaravalli, “We want to be more present with each other finally after two years.” He was referring to the two years of Covid isolation and detachment from the community. Chiaravalli wants to make sure that we can all be there for each other on time. “When you think back to Covid, there were in some cases students who slipped through the cracks.” There was not as much emphasis on ensuring that students arrived on time. The enforcement of these policies now allows for students to show up on teachers’ radar, and become apparent that they may need help.

In interviewing students, I found a much different picture. I spoke with one senior at CVU who did not want to be named. I asked if he thought coming into class late affected his learning. “Not at all, I can just email the teacher or ask a friend what we did in class.” Although this strategy may not be for everyone, it demonstrates that being tardy or absent may not affect the students that much. Though what Chiaravalli said is important, being part of the community by showing up on time may not be important for every student. I asked if a ten or fifteen minute tardiness affected his learning, “Not really no, the class usually hasn’t even started by then and everyone is usually still talking.”

The big picture is if a student is tardy for a class enough, the student will be scheduled for a cut meeting. In this meeting the student will discuss with their teachers and parents why they should be allowed to remain in this class despite their tardiness. The student must explain why they have been tardy, and make plans for how they are going to resolve their tardiness problem. As Chiaravalli said, it is important for us to come together as a class and as a community, on time, and ready to participate.

Stanislav  Kozliuk via Shuttterstock ukraine-briefing-carousel-kherson00

How The Conflict In Ukraine Is Affecting The CVU Community

By Jameela Memoli

Over six months have passed since The Ukraine war started on February 24, 2022 and there is still no end in sight. Millions of people have lost their homes or are unable to come home. As a high school student living in the U.S, I was wondering how people in Vermont were affected by the war in Ukraine.

I sat down with a direction center secretary, Heather Walpole, and Social Studies teacher John Bennet. Each of them have connections to the war.

Heather Walpole’s father and family members live in Kherson, Ukraine. She says she has not been in direct contact with her family since the war started. However, “my aunt, who lives in Canada, spoke to a few family members in the first few weeks, but we haven’t spoken to them since.” She continued, “as far as I know, they’re all moving to a different country right now, but they don’t have any electricity or anything like that from where they are because it is hard to get a hold of them. And they do not have access to phones or anything and I am not aware of what country they are in.” She then moved on to share that, “I think where they are from was hit badly and so I don’t know if they will be able to return to their home town or not; I’m hoping if we can get a hold of my aunt that we’ll be able to find out how they’re doing and if they are okay.”

John Bennett doesn’t have any direct connection to the war. He does however know a good amount about it. Although he has no direct connection, he did tell me that his grandfather lived in a town in Russia that is now part of Ukraine, so it is possible he has family there. He began talking about war in general. “It completely disrupts your life; it’s hard for us to imagine what that must be like when your school life is completely disrupted and you don’t know if you’re going to have a school or if your school is getting bombed.” He then went on to relate the idea of peoples’ lives being abruptly interrupted to the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. “Imagine that to a much greater degree, you’re trying to live a normal existence in an abnormal situation.” He continued, “it’s falling into this kind of ‘forever world syndrome’ which has occurred in the world in a lot of places like Africa, Middle-East, and now in Ukraine. The war just drags on and on constantly.” Lastly, he mentioned, “the only way for the war to end is if they sit down for peace negotiations somewhere between all sides.”

So, you might not think that the war in Ukraine has an impact on you personally. However, even with no direct connection, you can still sympathize with the many people in our community who are affected.

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Vermont’s Massive Renter’s Assistance Program Winding Down

By Brigid Skidd

Burlington, VT– The Scott administration announced on August 31st a roll back of Vermont’s Covid era Federal Renter’s Assistance Program. The Vermont Emergency Rental Assistance Program (VERAP) was set up through the Vermont Housing Authority to keep people housed during the Covid-19 pandemic and the economic crisis it caused. This program has served over 15000 Vermont households since April 2021. It was part of a larger 320 million dollar federal rent assistance fund which was originally projected by officials to last through at least 2023.

However, the program went through its 138 million dollars in federal funding more quickly than expected. Doug Farnam of the Vermont Agency of Administration explains, “The reason that everyone that is finding out about this now (August 31st) is that we didn’t have the actual spending recorded and the data to know we were going to run out of money before the end of the winter.”

The Vermont Housing Authority offered VERAP assistance to any household that had an Area Median Income (AMI) below 80%. According to VERAP’s updated website, as of October 1st the program is closed to new applicants and has reduced its funding by 30% to all households. By November 1st households over 30% AMI will have they’re support cut to 50% of the original and be cut completely by the end of the month.

This decision has caused outrage among tenant’s advocates and sparked criticism of the government’s response to the crisis, specifically the way this will exacerbate the effects of the current housing crisis . Brenda Seigel, Democratic nominee for governor and longtime tenants advocate, stated,“Our vacancy rate is just over 2%. There is no housing,” she said. “There will be more people without housing, and there will be immense harm to low- and moderate-income people across this entire state.”

As high school students, renter’s issues are not generally on our mind, but housing insecurity is not alien to CVU and will be exacerbated by the ending of VERAP.


Hurricane Ian beyond florida

By Molly Simons

On September 28, 2022 one of the most catastrophic hurricanes in US history hit in Lee County, Florida . Hurricane Ian spread from the South Eastern States in the US to Cuba, Columbia, and Venezuela. It caused massive amounts of damage and killed more than 100 people. This is the deadliest hurricane to hit Florida since 1935.

Vermont doesn’t have hurricanes, so is anyone at CVU really “affected” by this hurricane? Turns out one of CVU’s very own history teachers, Ute Otley, was impacted by her family being near the hurricane.

Ute’s dad, step mom, and her dad’s two best friends live where the hurricane hit. She was unable to contact them for a couple days but heard through a friend that they were safe.

To prepare for the hurricane, they went out to get plywood to board up the windows in case they wouldn’t hold. Since they didn’t want to evacuate,they had to stock up on batteries and water. This caused Ute to worry about her family. Luckily, Her dad’s friends evacuated before they lost their house. Her dad’s house was okay, but his best friends’ was destroyed.

This historical event has changed the way Ute’s family lives. She said, “I can hear the depression in my dad’s voice, because our favorite restaurants are gone. Until the hurricane hit, he worked on a golf course on Sanibel island. Sanibel got hit hard and the causeway got destroyed so he’s out of a job.”
Regarding her dad, “I think he feels at moments lucky to be alive, but also at other times he feels like it’s gonna take 10 years, and he doesn’t know how it’s gonna go back to the Florida that he knew.” Her sister on the other hand, who was in a different part of Florida where the hurricane did not hit, feels like “the whole state is mourning.”

Here at CVU we are about 1,500 miles away from where Ian hit in Lee County. But even though we are miles away people in our community still were affected. We are a lot more connected than we seem and the people you see everyday can be impacted by the tragic stories around the world.

Activists rally for LGBTQ+ rights outside the Supreme Court (New Yorker) (Photograph by Bill Clark)

LGBTQIA+ Rights Across the US

By V. Sorce

“You can’t hide from everything, and gay people are real.”
– X, age 16

CVU – Florida’s “Parental Rights in Education” bill 1557, commonly coined the ‘Don’t Say Gay’ bill, prohibits discussion of topics relating to sexual orientation and gender identity in the classroom up to grade three and beyond. Policies in some other states restrict schools from teaching Lgbtq+ related topics around gender and sexuality, restrict the use of gender-neutral bathrooms, or even prohibit the display of pride flags in schools. Over half of all US states, including Arizona, Alabama, Georgia, Virginia, and Ohio, have laws which impinge upon the rights of millions of young individuals.

Here in Vermont, however, the direction of law seems to be different. But is Vermont actually so different?

According to an NBC article dated March 20, 2022, a staggering 238 anti-Lgbtq+ bills have been introduced in the US thus far in 2022 alone; 23 states in the US have proposed anti Lgbtq+ bills, and thirteen states have signed those bills into law since the beginning of 2022. The ‘Don’t Say Gay Bill’ and rest of policies throughout these areas effect over 20 million adults and 21% of Gen Z in the US who are Lgbtq+.

 Students in Virginia high schools walk out (WCBD)
Students in Virginia high schools walk out (WCBD)

Students in many affected schools are taking action by leading walkouts from school. Three states – Arizona, Virginia, and Ohio – instituted more restrictions in September regarding pronouns and gender markers in school. The bills that have been passed aren’t just seen as numbers in a pile of laws to sort through; thousands of high school students in those states organized walkouts from school on September 29th to protest for their safety and rights.

The laws aren’t just affecting their rights; it’s affecting their lives: “I nearly committed suicide. These are really kids who are scared out of their minds because of this policy,” Calabia– a high school student in Virginia–said (as quoted in the Guardian).

Arizona walkout
Arizona walkout

While these students fight for their basic rights in school, it is remarkable to consider how different the circumstances are here in Vermont. For exaxmple, during the spring of 2022, Vermont was in the process of legalizing gender affirming hormone blockers for transgender children without parental consent. As of 5/12/2022, however, the law failed to pass. Although it didn’t pass, the law was an attempted step towards equality.

And here at CVU there has been a visible increase in progress for equality over the years, such as the growth of the GSA network and the uptick of pronoun usage in class. Despite the changes, though, Lgbtq+ teens at CVU still face some difficulty. So despite such examples of “progress”, is Vermont really so different from other states?

Being inevitably stuck in awkward situations because of their identity is often a daily occurrence, and since homophobia is so ingrained in society, it will take every effort for LGBTQ+ normalcy at least reach ‘acceptance’, at a minimum. Slurs and misgendering are among many forms of how homophobia and transphobia are experienced in the halls of our own school.

X is a junior at CVU. They are out as transgender and express some changes they would want to address in US law. They stress the importance of equal rights everywhere, not only in some states: “There should be legal protections for Lgbtq+ people in all states. We can’t be discriminated out of jobs or Healthcare or housing because that’s a very real thing in certain places and it makes it very difficult for people to live their lives.”

A long-standing goal of Lgbtq+ people and allies have been how to educate society in understanding trans and gay identities to create a more inclusive world; the main place that education is taking place is, yes, school— yet schools and the education of Lgbtq+ identities are the places most of these new laws target.

It can be hard to imagine that queer Vermonters are actually in a extremely supportive space compared to the environment Lgbtq+ people might be living through in other US states. X tries to define that difference: “I think in Vermont we have definitely more protections in place, that when we go to get a job or adopt a child or need medical care, there’s a lot less in place that prevents us from getting it.”

However, “I find them [anti- Lgbtq+ laws] highly infuriating. I think they create a lot of unnecessary road blocks in the person’s development trends or just to access of information which is a big thing for rolling into being an adult you actually have to understand the world around you—you can’t hide from everything and gay people are real… Hello…!”

They also say some of the best ways to help these populations, no matter who you are, is “doing research and understanding what’s happening”. T, another student at CVU, wishes more people can “reach out to them in some capacity.” By staying connected and understanding what they’re going through, awareness can always be spread.

With still three months left in 2022, even more bills will be piling up to restrict people from equal rights. Positive Lgbtq+ laws granting rights are hardly balancing the scale currently as tensions rise, and our generation awaits a time when instead of trying to prevent negative bills, the focus can shift to the possibility of progressive protections for Lgbtq+ people. It’s hard to move forward when half the country is still moving in reverse.

Conservation Law Foundation file photo

Polluted Lake Champlain: How Can We Stop It?

Written By Jocelyn Kaplan

VERMONT–Have you ever driven across the causeway between Colchester and South Hero and been hit with the pungent smell of a chemical-like odor? Have you ever looked across the lake and noticed patches of green clinging to the surface of the once vibrant lake?

Lake Champlain, Vermont’s largest lake and greatest landmark is being polluted by an excess amount of phosphorus runoff.

Too much phosphorus promotes an overgrowth of algae blooms. The blooms grow on the surface of the water and block light from entering into the lake. The blocking of sunlight prevents plants from photosynthesis, causing decay and death.

The Department of Health in New York states, “Exposure to any blue-green algae blooms can cause health effects in people and animals when water with blooms is touched, swallowed, or when airborne droplets are inhaled.” Algae blooms are harmful to humans, as many types of blue-green algae contain toxins which cause digestive issues and breathing difficulties.” Animals swimming in the lake can also suffer from the toxins, which in severe cases if ingested can cause liver failure and seizures.

Heather Morely, AP Environmental Science teacher, noted that the amount of algae blooms are affected by climate change as temperatures continue to rise. She also commented on what farmers can do to help reduce runoff. “Riparian buffers, areas that absorb a lot of the runoff before they get to waterways, and strategies about the time of year manure is applied to fields.” I asked what her main concern was about phosphorus runoff, and she voiced troubles with wastewater treatments,“We should really be focusing on our wastewater treatments and applications of manure to lawns.”

The phosphorus intake is directly related to the amount of runoff into the lakes. Runoff is caused as snow melts and there is more water than the land can absorb. The excess water flows down the land into bodies of water.

The Lake Champlain Basin Program details how Lake Champlain is suffering from phosphorus runoff coming from all parts of human life. “Nonpoint sources of pollution, which include runoff from roads and developed areas, and from lawns, farmlands, and other rural areas contribute more than 90% of the phosphorus that reaches the Lake.”

Farmlands contribute a significant amount of runoff, with 38% of phosphorus in the lake stemming from nutrients within fertilizer and manure that wash off before reaching the soil.

Developed land also has a big impact on the sheer mass of phosphorus that is ending up in Champlain, taking responsibility for 16%! Developed areas like parking lots and roadways are impervious and shed water. Instead of the absorption through grass, the rainfall and snowmelt is sent towards the lakes. Intense storm flows, a direct consequence of rainfall building up with little to no absorption, causes a higher amount of erosion in stream-banks which sends more sediments into the lake.

Vermont citizens are concerned about the state of the lake’s environment, but many are unaware of how the increasing pollution is caused by farmlands and urbanization. Ally Clos, 17, was an anomaly who was able to cite important factors that contribute to the phosphorus runoff, but was unaware of how the phosphorus buildup could be prevented. “Isn’t runoff caused by farms? We learned that it was from the soil and cow manure that runs down and pollutes the lake. But I don’t know anything about how to stop buildup of phosphorus.”

CVU students Jimmy and Hayden, both 15, discussed how the pollution has affected their lives. They have both experienced the smell of phosphorus, and have been unable to swim in the lakes because of the pollution buildup. Hayden noted that his health has been impacted by the lake’s pollution, “I’ve gotten sick from the algae, I went home with a headache and ended up with a raspy throat.”

Educating Vermonters, specifically the farmers, on the harmful effects of phosphorus could be groundbreaking on preventing future pollution of the lakes. Cutting back from phosphorus fertilizers, and implanting sewage grates designed to catch runoff water would help all Vermont’s bodies of water.

While the issue can hardly be solved by one individual, being aware of the strategies designed to prevent pollution and educating others into considering and embedding these resources into our farming, gardening, and wastewater plants could help the lakes of Vermont tremendously.

Music Technology and the Vinyl Resurgence

By Colin Halliburton

My first LP was A Night at the Opera (1975) by Queen. When I sat down to listen and enjoy the album, I understood why they are still around. Interacting with the physical versions of my favorite albums created a more in-depth experience, with more character and soul. Before I had first encountered vinyl records, I thought they were nothing more than old tech, something we had created CD’s and streaming to replace.

Music has been a constant and recurring source of entertainment throughout history, but the way music has been captured and enjoyed has changed drastically. Vinyl records were first invented and released in 1930 as a way to record and listen to music and audio outside of a live performance. This brought music and joy to many homes across the world, and that continues today. Over the decades since new technologies have been invented, and the record’s purpose has changed.

In the 90’s vinyl records experienced a sharp decline, partly because record labels/corporations became stricter with their buyback policies, which many record stores relied on to keep a rotating stock of popular items. They also stopped releasing many of their albums on vinyl, and closed some pressing plants. Many saw this as a ploy to get consumers to buy more CDs, which were more profitable for the corporations.

However since 2007, vinyl sales and general popularity have been on the rise, passing CDs once again in the first half of 2020. Almost in spite of the meteoric rise of streaming services (currently the cheapest way by far to listen to music), vinyl continues to grow. Many audiophiles or anyone else who appreciates sound quality often prefer vinyl records to digital streaming, because of the compression.

Revenues by Format (1)
Courtesy of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)

They are also very popular for collecting. Many (including myself) find the artwork and physical disc of music alluring and captivating. A lot of record sleeves come with previously unseen photographs or art, and some record discs even have art on them. In a few rare cases there is vinyl exclusive music on them as well. For example on Tyler the Creator’s 2019 album IGOR (Columbia), the song BOYFRIEND is only available on vinyl, making it a more fulfilling listen.

The almost therapeutic process of sorting through record bins to find a specific album or even anything that catches my eye is addicting. It’s also just like any other collection hobby where building the collection, seeing the shelves full of your favorite albums is enough for a lot of people. The nostalgia factor is also attractive, as vinyls are a way for many to relive their memories.

The Flaming Lips’ album Heady Fwends on hand-splattered Vinyl (via cdcentralmusic.com)

Interestingly, despite Hip-Hop/R&B being by far the most popular genre in streaming numbers (29.8% of all streams across platforms in the U.S. as of 2021, via Headphone addict) and just pop culture in general, Rock dominates the vinyl market with a staggering 41.7% of US sales as of 2018 (according to Statista). This further shows that a lot of the vinyl LP’s popularity comes from nostalgia and tradition.

For me, I have always loved music, and I think my dad fostered that love by always playing music around me and encouraging me to learn to play it. When we got a record player for Christmas a few years ago, the records really felt like a more tangible way to listen to music. To feel, see, and hold my favorite albums in front of me. Of course streaming and modern technology has its benefits of being less expensive, easier, and quicker to use, but for when you just want to really enjoy the music and have the time, I find records to be the perfect medium.

Some of my favorite albums to leave you with, along with the aforementioned IGOR, are: Gorillaz’ synth heavy statement on modern consumerism in 2010’s Plastic Beach (Warner/Parlaphone); Pink Floyd’s classic 1979 concept rock album The Wall (Columbia); the rare, limited, and sample-filled French Exit by Tv Girl in 2014 (Self); Childish Gambino’s modern soul/R&B of 2018’s “Awaken my love!” (Glassnote); the classic funk/soul of The Beginning of the End’s 1971 album Funky Nassau (Alston); and the technical jazz of Clifford Brown and Max roach on 1955’s Study in Brown (EmArcy).

From the author's collection

From left to right: Study in Brown, “Awaken my Love!”, IGOR, The Wall, and Plastic Beach


Pollution in Lake Champlain

By Victoria Chyra

Pollution can be found everywhere and it affects us more than we even think.

Lake Champlain is tucked in the Champlain Valley between the Adirondack Mountains, New York and the Green Mountains of Vermont. It’s a great attraction for many locals. It is used for sports fishing, hunting and recreation and it’s also the major source for drinking water for nearly 200.000 people.

In 2012. groups of toxins were reviewed for the first time by the Lake Champlain Basin Program and partners. Specific contaminants within these groups were labeled as substances of concern.

The pollution did not occur suddenly and wasn’t caused by just one source. First of all, Vermont’s Winooski River dumps about 20,000 metric tons of chloride in the lake per year, and at the same time the runoff from rainwater and snowmelt flows into the water. On top of that,there was an excessive growth of algae found which is caused by too much phosphorus; this comes predominantly from agriculture. Because of that, large reductions are needed from farms within the Lake Champlain watershed. This amount of algae creates danger because of its toxicity for animals and even humans. It has been a problem in recent years, which led to beaches having to close. Signs were put up to discourage visitors from swimming in the lake, like in July 2021 at Burlington’s Blanchard Beach.

In the Year 2021 the Vermont government stated after years of starting the Lake Champlain Basin Program, which is in partnership with government agencies from New York, Vermont and Quebec to coordinate and fund efforts that benefit the Lake Champlain Basins water quality, fisheries, wetlands, recreation and cultural resources, that the water quality meets several standards for swimmable and fishable waters but there is still a long way before declining victory against the pollution at the Lake.

And even locals can help to decrease pollution at their known Lake by just following five simple steps:

Always avoid releasing untreated sewage into lakes and rivers as it gets mixed with water and pollutes it.
Don’t throw any solid waste into the water streams as it clogs the flow of water thereby leading to pollution.
Avoid releasing construction waste into the river. Use organic gardening techniques and avoid using pesticides and other herbicides.
Avoid releasing harmful chemicals and oils into storm drains or rivers.
Always check that your car engine is not spilling oil that finds its way into drains and then rivers.

CVU Graduation at Patrick Gym, UVM

Graduation: A time of hope or fear?

By Molly Simons

This year there are 357 seniors in CVU’s graduating class. Graduation is on June 16, 2023. As a senior, I am undecided how I feel about graduating, so I decided to interview a few students in the month of September 2022, and see how they feel about what’s happening next. I interviewed 3 seniors including Bevan Roberts, 17, Jameela Memoli, 17, and Maggie Whitman, 17. I will interview them over the year to see how their feelings will change about the topic.


I sat down with Bevan to see how she felt about graduating. She said she was “excited to leave but scared to start a new chapter.” I asked her where she was going after she graduated and what she was looking forward to. She said, “I have no idea, but I am looking forward to going to college and getting a job.” When I asked,“Where do you see yourself in 10 years?” She replied, “I see myself married, hopefully I have a kid, and a house.”


I asked Jameela the same questions, but she gave an almost opposite response to each one. Regarding graduating, she said “I am very nervous about moving out and being on my own.” I then asked her where she was going and she responded with “I am applying to a few colleges but my main goal is to go to Castleton University and get my Psychology and criminology degree.” After asking her where she was going after high school and what she was looking forward to. She replied “Maybe getting an apartment in New York City and going to College parties.” When I asked her where she saw herself in 10 years she wanted to be settled down.


Lastly, I asked Maggie the same questions. She said she was “hopefully going to UVM.” I then asked what she was looking forward to and her response was different from the others. She said that she was excited for “freedom and not having to abide with certain schedules.” In 10 years, Maggie said that she was “hopefully at a job that I enjoy and living successfully!”

I will be interviewing these students later this year in the winter. I look forward to seeing how their answers will change.


Ukraine War UPDATES: September Roundup


Although the ongoing Ukraine conflict is thousands of miles away, it is important for our CVU community to stay informed of real world events even when we are not directly affected.

Since the beginning of the conflict in late February, the Ukrainian forces have steadily begun to push back against the Russians, although it is still an uphill climb. Steady advances have been made against the Russians in the Ukrainian city of Kyiv, and other areas of Ukraine’s Eastern front.

According to NPR, on September 19th, a Russian missile has also reportedly detonated within just 900 feet of a Ukrainian nuclear reactor, which would be the second strike against a nuclear facility since the start of the war. This event has elevated previous concerns of safety, and potential nuclear disasters that could occur from these strikes.

As of September 10th, Ukraine has recaptured the Russian held territory of Izium, discovering mass graves of hundreds of people, soldiers and civilians, although the full extent of the potential massacre is unknown, sparking the call for more investigation into possible war crimes.

On September 20th, President Putin ordered the partial militarization of an additional 300,000 reserve troops, as a message that the Ukraine conflict is far from over. In the same address, Putin again hinted at a possible nuclear threat, further escalating tensions with the West.


Reintroduction to the CVU Phone Policy

BY Filip Popa

HINESBURG, VT–CVU’s new phone policy has gotten students startled. “I feel like I’m not able to text my parents if I have a family emergency,” said a CVU Junior who wishes to keep their name anonymous. With the start of the new school year of 2022, CVU started re-inforcing a school policy that requires students to either put their phones in their bags or in a designated “pocket” in the classroom. This rule has been off the grid since 2019’s COVID-19 when students were encouraged to go on their phones to keep avoid speaking and potentially spreading the virus.

The idea behind this policy is that students are better off focusing without their devices on their bodies. The majority of the classrooms have a poster with a quote that CVU uses as a motive for their policy. The quote reads, “A world full of attention-deprived citizens… will be a world of cascading crises where we can’t get a handle on any of them.” – Johann Hari. CVU is enforcing these policies backed up by scientific research saying student learning will increase if phones aren’t present during class in the learning environment. However, the policy allows students to access their phones after class and during passing periods.

Arthur Chiaravalli, the Fairbanks house administrator, agreed with the change, “I feel like I’m getting to know my advisory a lot better, I’m connecting with them, there’s not that distraction of “I’m just gonna zone out.”

On the other hand, a senior at CVU who did not want to have their name included, answered that they think, “No, I don’t think it’s helping me, it actually makes me feel more conscious about my phone,”

So overall, the responses coming from the CVU faculty and the students vary and opinions are mixed. Many of the students “don’t care” as Chiaravalli pointed out, while others claim against it and say it’s not helping.

McKinley Martin, Junior, said, “I realized that not having the access to check in with my family and people that I need to be able to talk to has induced more stress on me than actually helping my learning.” On the other hand, Aidan Militello, Junior, felt that “the phone policy allows me to honestly stay focused and not worry about any notifications that might interrupt me.”

With this policy being reinforced freshly this year after many years of no enforcement, there isn’t enough data to prove if this policy has been making a positive impact or not on the school. What do you think? Fill out this google form and tell us what you think in regards to the effectiveness of this policy, you can do so by clicking here. The answers to the survey will be used to create an updated piece in the near future. If you’d like to be interviewed, leave your name in the survey.



Queen Elizabeth Who?

October 3, 2022
By: Maggie Whitman

CVU- Where were you when you found out Princess Diana died? The death of Queen Elizabeth seems to be the equivalent to our generation. Ally Clos, 17, said she was in advisory when the news broke, just like the majority of the CVU student body in school that day. I, myself, will always remember getting the notification on my watch around 1pm on the eighth of September.

Queen Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor II of the United Kingdom died of old age at 96, at her Scottish estate in the late afternoon of September 8th. The royal family entered 10 days of official mourning.


Did Queen Elizabeth’s life really affect the lives of Americans, or are we just being dramatic? I personally was very curious and wanted to see what people in my community felt, so I went to talk to them. In a general consensus, members of the CVU community have always been aware of the Queen, but don’t really know who she is.

James, 15, said, “I feel like I’ve always known the Queen from a young age, maybe five or six. I’m not really sure what she does, or did, I’ve just always been aware of her”. Most agreed. Not many could really tell me, in detail, what the Queen actually did.

The job of the Queen is shown rather vaguely in various TV and movie shows, but a large part of the global population doesn’t completely know what she did. The Royal family is a gray area in the average CVU student point of view.

Could you describe her job? I realized I certainly couldn’t, so here’s what I learned: from further research on Royal UK, the Queen in the Head of State, meaning she has the power to make and pass legislation that resides with Parliament. She also would undertake constitutional and representational duties, those that have developed over a thousand years of British history.

Lacey Richards, Social Studies teacher at CVU, explained her in-depth views on the Queen. “I think that largely the Queen’s role was symbolic rather than substantive. But she was a symbol of a very problematic time period in world history that saw the decolonization of many empires throughout the world, empires that did terrible things to people and the environment, and that she was closely related to, and became incredibly wealthy as a result of”.

According to BBC news, Elizabeth served a total of 70 years on the throne. She was married young to her distant cousin Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten of the Royal Navy. She later gave birth to 4 kids, Charles, Ann, Andrew, and Edward and her legacy will live on through them, and even her grandkids. Queen Elizabeth was a progressive face for the United Kingdom and was able to accomplish.

The colonial legacies she created are due for some eventual adjustments as King Charles III takes her place. But what will change right away? According to a Business Standard article dated September 9, 2022, “following the monarch’s death, the banknotes and coins will be replaced with alternatives, featuring the head of the new monarch, King Charles III, in this case. However, the replacement will likely take two years before the old currency is phased out.” Other adjustments will be their National Anthem, flags, royal warrants, etc. This will be a culture shift throughout the world.

The Queen was a large public figure we all looked up to, even though we most likely didn’t have enough information on her, or her duties, to begin with. How will you recognize her life?


First Semester Senior Year Off The Checklist 

Ava Bartlett

Time flies, huh? The countless amount of times I had been told to cherish high school while it lasted hadn’t become real to me until now. I’ve officially made it to the end of my last first semester of high school.

When I sat down to record my perspective on this somewhat-of-an-accomplishment, I froze. What was I about to reflect on? I left my desk and meandered around CVU, hoping to find inspiration in the halls I’ve spent most of my life in for the last four years… I then realized that was it. I have spent nearly 205 weeks (4,920 hours), (give or take a few days) in the halls, classrooms, and education centers of CVU each year for the past four years of my life. That excludes the time I’ve spent on my sports field and the sidelines of others. 

Every new grade year in high school felt like a different life and that has become clear as I reflect. The first day of my freshman year was hair-raising, then on the last day, I walked out of the building with a feeling of freedom and independence. And every year after that I walked in with new feelings and impressions and left that school year with another new feeling to bring with me in my next cherishable “life” at CVU. Along with these perspectives came the adventures, people, and memories that were the concrete attributes to my results of each year. Every year was a completely fresh experience and time to gain control, attentiveness, and compassion for myself and the new people and tasks I was taking on. No matter what I had pulled forward with me from my previous “life”, there were always new ingredients added to my plate and that is what gave my high school experience distinction. Each year was so distinctive, it felt like a new life. And now I am halfway through with my last life here at CVU. 

The basic aspects of life that people experience are placed in front of us in high school, providing students with the opportunity to grow and understand how we wish for them to play out in our lives. I was gifted the opportunity to create conversation, problem solve, collaborate, and learn leadership, along with a standard educational experience. It would be a typical senior statement to reflect on what I have learned in my classes here at CVU, and I don’t want to do that. I want to cherish the impact of every moment of my high school experience, small and large.

My most valuable moments of high school were the little intimate gestures I had with familiar and new faces. The simple hello’s in the hallway to my teachers and classmates turned into valuable friendships I have withheld to this day, and which have supported me and my decisions, allowing me to grow into who I am.

Every hand I’ve raised at CVU has deepened my thoughts and loudened my voice in my community, giving me the power to speak on my thoughts and interests with confidence. 

Each experience that I have taken with me these past years, I have utilized to be able to take on the biggest steps of my life so far, which I have taken in this past semester. This semester was filled with highs and lows as I began my transition into college. It may just be the beginning, but as I filled out and submitted applications, I was indeed using all of the small and large moments CVU gave me. 

I walked into this year with excitement knowing I only had one year till college, and now, with 21 weeks left till graduation, I am developing a feeling of disconnection. I know that soon I will have a slight disconnection from this place and these people once the memories from this school will no longer resonate in the building, and will only take place in my long-term memory. Time flies, huh?


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Semester one done

By Dau Dau

With the semester coming to an end and the new year starting I just wanted to share my experience with the public.

The first month of school was a little rough. I was trying to get used to the 5 days a week of school, but was exhausted by Wednesday. Although it was exhausting and very different from last year I would say it was definitely worth it. Being able to get help when I don’t understand a task or need is irreplaceable. Even though I don’t really ask the teachers for help that often it was still nice to have them around. I also was still getting back in the groove of things since last year we only had 2 days of school and heck of a lot of free time. I used to come home excited, enjoying my free time, thinking about all the things I was gonna do, was I gonna go outside and hoop, watch a movie on Netflix or workout in the backyard. Now I come home with my eyes heavy and my bed is the only thing on my mind, next thing I know it’s 8pm and I have spent my whole afternoon sleeping.

Other than the fatigue, school has been pretty good the past few months. They’ve gone by pretty fast, but it’s not really a bad thing though. Since the new semester is starting I finally get some new classes.

Another thing is sports. I cannot wait to watch some of the basketball games this year. It has felt like forever since I’ve watched a basketball game in person and generally excited to watch the games this year. That’s how the semesters have been this year for me. I’ll try to write another one by the end of semester two, but I cannot promise that I won’t forget.

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Yates: The American Dreamee

By Mina Radivojevic

The summer season came to an end late this year, but I still can’t get over the fact that the dreamee season is over as well! And if you don’t know what a dreamee is, then you missed out on a lot this summer. Yates Family Orchard is just one of many orchards in Vermont. But it has a secret recipe (or two) that makes them stand out from the crowd. Dreamee – similar to creamer, just with an extra donut – is their secret to making people come back. 

Jessika Yates, co-owner of the orchard, has been running the orchard since the first day. The interview with Jessika made me closer to this family and their journey.

Jessika enthusiastically began the story of the history of the Yates Family Orchard: “My husband and I, we bought this property in 2008. We found this house with amazing views out to the Adirondacks and then south to the Bristol Valley and we thought: Wow, this is a really cool place. We didn’t know anything about apple trees. And we never really expected to run an orchard.” 

“At the time we bought this house, there were only two acres and about 110 trees. So for the first eight years, I guess you could call this more of a hobby orchard. It’s part of an orchard that’s been in existence for a very long time. Those were all planted in the late 1930s. So for the first eight years, we’ve always done a pick your own. We found a commercial cider press from the very get-go mainly because we needed a piece of that cider press and we could only buy the whole thing so we’ve been pressing cider, but literally our farmstand was just a table with some bags of apples. I’ve always made jams but there was pretty much just an honor box there. I did a completely different full-time job.”

With the full-time job on her hands, Jessika and her husband had to figure out another way to manage the apples. They did this by working with the organization called Salvation Farms. Volunteers were sent to the Yates orchard, and all the apples were donated throughout the state. This was a relief for the Yates, since they were then sure none of the apples ended up as a waste. 

“So that’s what we did for the first eight years,” Jessika continued. “The previous orchardist who still owned the surrounding acres passed away unexpectedly.”

This is how Yates acquired more of the current orchard, and it was their way of protecting the viewshed that surrounds it. Ultimately this quadrupled the number of trees, and that was just too much to donate, and so the business of the Yates Family Orchard took a swing. It officially got established as a business in 2017.

What the Yates Family is known for are dreamees. A dreamee is a creamee on top of a fresh apple cider donut. Like many of the best things in history, dreamees were an accident. We can thank Yates’ neighbors for the invention of the dreamee.

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“One night my neighbor came into our garage and we had just fired up the creamee machine and we were frying doughnuts and test tasting and then we put a dollop of creamee on a doughnut. And we’re saying donut, creamee… dreamee! And that’s how the dreamee was born! They tend to make people really happy,” Jessika sounded very proud saying this last part.

The Yates are happy to make others happy. They represent not only the good taste, but also nice views and tranquility. Besides this, they are also proud of the range they can offer.

“We have 28 Different kinds of apples. So I think sometimes people think I’m a crazy Apple lady. I get pretty excited because the first apples start ripening in July. And some of those early season apples that ripen before we open. We use them for the products that we make like our apple barbecue sauce and our apple chutneys. I think that no matter when you come, if you came every week, you would find different apples that are ripe and so that kind of makes it fun.”

After a little talk about apples, which are the main resource of the Yates Family Orchard, we had to go back to desserts. This year, the orchard took a new risk, which ended up being more than successful. 

 “Growing our business this season, I had someone come aboard to help with making donuts but also someone to make all of our pies in house. Our pie baker said: “Well, why don’t we put a little dollop of our apple pie filling and drizzle some caramel on top?” And that’s how the “supremee”  was born. And so we’re always kind of concocting and coming up with fun different things just to see what we can combine. And you know what? They taste good!”

It seems like the Yates family never fails to surprise it’s customers. From freshly picked apples and charming views to tasty homemade “supremees” and all sorts of delights, they offer a diversity of products. So, when the next summer comes, don’t miss a chance to indulge in this heaven on Earth.

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What should the Red Sox do this upcoming off-season?

by River Mitchell

The Boston Red Sox, who had a magical ride in 2021, finally saw their season come to an end as they lost by a final score of 5-0 to the Houston Astros in Game 6 of the 2021 ALCS. With the off-season coming up, with some big free agents hitting the market for the Red Sox, this is going to be a big off-season as they look to try to make it even further than last year. In this piece, I am going to go over what the Red Sox should do this off-season from who walks, who they re-sign, and who they snag from other teams. 

First thing they should do is let Garrett Richards and Martin Perez walk. Both were brought in one 1 year deals this off-season, to help improve the starting rotation which was abysmal the year before. While their numbers might not look great, they were big parts in getting the Red Sox to the postseason, improving that starting rotation and giving the Red Sox a chance to win each and every game. However, with Tanner Houck expected to have a big breakout year and Chris Sale returning from Tommy John surgery, both are looking to take spots in the rotation. Considering Richards and Perez were both moved to the bullpen to make space for Houck and Sale in the rotation, I don’t see a world where they are starters next season. These moves will probably save them about 15-16 Million dollars. 

Another big topic of conversation is whether the Red Sox should bring back the southpaw Eduardo Rodriguez. Eduardo had a bad year this season for the Sox, posting a 4.74 ERA (Earned Run Average), a 1.389 WHIP (Walks + Hits/Innings Pitched), and a 3.32 FIP (Fielding Independent Pitching) which is really the only stat that was good for him last year. He did have a few good starts in the postseason but the question still remains. He was really good in 2019 for the Red Sox, posting a 3.81 ERA in over 200 innings, but was sidelined in 2020 due to myocarditis which he contracted from having COVID. He also had a dead arm to start off the 2021 season, missing his first start. He provides value in the fact that he is gonna eat some innings in the back of the rotation, and knows what it’s like to win, being a part of the 2018 Red Sox won it all that year. Considering he had a down year that could’ve been affected by his health and a really good FIP, if given a full offseason to recover he could return to old form. If I’m the Red Sox, I would give him a 1 year prove it deal, for no more than 5-7 million. If he is commanding more than that, I would let him walk in free agency to go find a new team. He won’t have any troubles with that, as there will be teams that would love a guy like Eduardo Rodriguez. 

 In terms of the Red Sox slugger Hunter Renfroe, I think they would be fools not to bring him back. They signed Hunter Renfroe this past offseason to a 1 year deal, worth about 3.1 Million dollars, which he more than lived up to. He had a phenomenal year for the Red Sox, hitting 31 home runs, while driving in 96 runs while posting a .816 OPS (On base % + Slugging %) with a 112 OPS+ and a wRC+ (weighted runs created) at 114. While his overall fielding metrics aren’t great, he has an absolute cannon of an arn, with 16 outfield assists on the season. Overall, this is a guy that drove in runs at a high clip and was very valuable to the Red Sox both with the bat and with his arm. He was a huge reason why they made it as far as they did last season.

Next player we are going to talk about is Red Sox reliever Atam Ottavino, who I would let walk. Adam Ottavino was acquired in a rare trade with the Yankees this past off-season, with the yankees needing the clear payroll and the Red Sox needing a reliever. Adam Ottavino overall put up decent numbers, but definitely struggled a little more during the 2nd half of the season. He finished the year with a 4.21 ERA, a 1.452 WHIP which is very high, and a 3.96 FIP. He did have a very solid FIP and a decent ERA, but was super inconsistent. Sometimes he was lights out, and other times he looked absolutely lost on the mound. I think if he is willing to come back on a 1 year 2-3 million dollar deal, then I would probably bring him back. But, I think he might be commanding more money and in that case I would let him walk to go find a new team.

Next thing I would do is pick up the club option on Christian Vazquez. Vazquez in 2021 was not good offensively, but he does provide value. He led the league in innings caught in 2021 and was also still very good defensively. He did have some big hits for the Red Sox however, including a walk off homer in Game 3 of the 2021 ALDS against the Rays. He showed a lot of promise offensively in 2019 and 2020 however, hitting 23 homers in 2019, and in 2020 posting a .801 OPS and a 115 wRC+. He was on the team for the 2018 WS, he’s always great defensively, and his club option is only 7 million dollars. He could also be a really good mentor for Connor Wong, who made his major league debut last season and is looking to spend more time with the big club than he did last year. He was a piece in the Mookie Betts trade, so the Red Sox definitely see him as a very solid player.

 Next up, the Red Sox should re-sign Travis Shaw and Jose Iglesias. Both were released by their teams in the middle of the season, and were brought in to help with the Red Sox depth off the bench and provide quality at bats and give them more options. Both players have played for the Red Sox before in years past, with Shaw playing with the team in 2015 & 16, and Iglesias playing with them from 2011-2013 before getting traded to the Tigers in 2013. Shaw gives the Red Sox depth, as a left handed bat off the bench that can pinch-hit if needed and also someone that can hit homers, which he had a lot of big ones in 2021 for the Red Sox. Iglesias also gives the Red Sox depth, and will probably end up splitting time at 2nd base with Christian Arroyo. He is a great contact hitter, hitting .356 with the club in 23 games and 59 AB’s. Both love playing for the Red Sox, and would not be very expensive to bring back for another year.

Austin Davis and Hansel Robles are both interesting cases. Both were brought in at the trade deadline this season, and were both decent with the club helping out that Red Sox bullpen. Davis was traded to the Red Sox in exchange for Michael Chavis, and Robles traded to the Red Sox for minor league pitcher Alex Scherff. I think that if the price is right, I would bring them both back on 1 year deals. But, I wouldn’t want to pay them much, no more than 1-3 million dollars. But with that being said, there is a lot of good free agent relief pitching on the market. I wouldn’t be mad if either of them came back, but they are both easily replaceable. 

Now this might be the biggest talk of the town for the Red Sox this off-season. What happens with JD Martinez and Kyle Schwarber. Kyle Schwarber is a free agent this off-season, and JD Martinez can OPT out of his contract, which for this season is about 19 million dollars. There is a very good chance that JD opts out of his contract, considering that he could probably make more money if he hits free agency. However, JD Martinez really likes playing in Boston so that makes this very interesting. I think that if JD ends up opting out and finds a new team, they should definitely bring Schwarber back. But, if JD opts into his contract, then I have a feeling that Schwarber will be finding a new team. But I have a good feeling that no matter what happens, one of those guys will be suiting up in a Red Sox uniform next season.

Now this brings up why they should sign. The Red Sox are definitely in need of a starting pitcher, and could really use several bullpen arms as well. I think if there is a way that the Red Sox could sign Justin Verlander or Max Scherzer, that would be really good because they are both going to be highly sought after, arguably being the top 2 pitchers on the market this off-season. But, I don’t think that will happen because they will probably be commanding more money than the Red Sox are gonna be willing to pay them. I think 2 options for them that could be very realistic signings at more affordable costs, are Marcus Stroman and Kevin Gausman. Kevin Gausman will probably end up finishing top 5 in CY Young votes in the national league, while Stroman had a really good season posting a 3.02 ERA and a 1.145 WHIP in 179 innings. In terms of relievers, Raisel Iglesias and Kenley Jasen are both really good relievers that could give the Red Sox a lot of really high quality innings, considering they don’t have a closer at the moment. There are also some other good options, like Joe Kelly, Corey Knebel, Ryan Tepera, Kendall Graveman, Mark Melancon, and Aaron Loup. 

No matter what happens, the Red Sox are still going to be really good. Next year they are going to be looking to make it even further than they did last year, which is certainly achievable. But, they need to go out and make some moves and some trades if they want to make it as far or even further than they did last year. Because all the other teams are going to be getting better, and look to make a run at the chip as well. This also includes the highly competitive AL East, which had 4 teams with 90 with or more last season. 


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What are my rankings for the top 10 shortstops?

by River Mitchell

MLB rankings can be one of the most controversial things around sports. Every ranking for every position is always going to be different, which is what makes these conversations so fun and entertaining. But today, I am going to give you my opinion on who I think are the top 10 shortstops in the MLB. So for this ranking I am going to go from 10-1, starting at 10 and working my way down to 1. Let’s get into it.

Also before getting into this, I am going to be using some more advanced statistics in this article to evaluate the rankings and the value of the players, so here are what those mean.

wRC+ → weighted Runs Created plus

DRS → Defensive Runs Saved

OPS → On base % + Slugging %

HM: Trevor Story

Story came up in 2016 just a year after the Rockies had traded franchise player Troy Tulowitzki. Considering that Tulowitzki was the face of the Rockies for so long and was their franchise player, Story filled the gap very well. Story has been one of the best offensive shortstops in baseball for the last several seasons, but last year was a down year for the Rockies slugger. He had a literal bang on average season, posting a 100 wRC+ in 2021. His defense also did decline a bit, but I don’t think that he is this kind of player. He had almost no protection in that lineup besides maybe CJ Cron, and the Rockies were not competitive at any point in the season. I do expect him to leave the Rockies, and that could potentially hurt his offensive numbers playing outside of Coors. That’s why I’m leaving out of the top 10, but I still think he is going to be a very solid player wherever he goes this offseason. 

HM: Javier Baez

Javier Baez was one of the most beloved players on the Cubs when he was there, helping his team win a WS and being a very solid player for years to come. However, he has always had a massive flaw in his game which is his plate discipline. However, when he got traded to the Mets his plate discipline improved drastically in the 47 games with the club. He has always been a wizard with the glove and has a lot of power in that bat, so he does provide value. He recently just inked a massive deal with the Detroit Tigers, signing for 6 years, $140,000,000. If he can perform how he did on the Mets this past year for a full season, this could be the steal of the offseason. 


  1. Tim Anderson

Tim Anderson has been in the league since 2016, but to start his career was not that good especially with the bat. But since 2019, Tim Anderson has been a really good player for the White Sox. He has had a wRC+ above 120 the last 3 seasons, with him posting a 141 wRC+ in the shortened 2020 season. He also is a guy that consistently has a batting average over .300, and even won the batting title in 2019. He even has improved his defense a little bit, with a 2 DRS in 2020 and a 3 DRS in 2021. Overall Tim Anderson is a very solid player with no really big holes in his game, which puts him at number 10.


  1. Bo Bichette

Bo Bichette got called up in 2019 later on in the year, to at the time a struggling Toronto Blue Jays squad. As soon as Bichette came up to the MLB level, he started absolutely raking at the plate. He has had very similar offensive numbers to Tim Anderson, posting no lower than a 120 wRC+ in any of his 3 seasons. I’d maybe just give a slight edge to him defensively, but both very close. I don’t think you’re necessarily wrong if you put Bichette over Anderson, but I think that Bichette has a higher ceiling than Andeson, so I’ll put him at 9.

  1. Wander Franco

Wander Franco might be one of the greatest prospects that the game has ever seen. Before this year, Wander Franco was ranked as the #1 overall prospect in 2021, and got called up only a few months after the season started. He started off pretty slow, but as the season went on he started to show everyone why he’s the best prospect in baseball. He posted a 127 wRC+, had a .810 OPS, and is very good defensively. He can’t go up any further for me because he’s only played 70 career games, but the sky’s the limit for this guy and will be a stud for a long time to come.


  1. Brandon Crawford

Brandon Crawford has been a stalwart at shortstop for the Giants, coming up with them in 2011. He has been there for 2 World Series, and has always been a really good defensive shortstop. Towards the front part of his career was very good offensively, but the past few years his offense has declined quite a bit. But last year he had a renaissance to his career, posting a .895 OPS and a 139 wRC+. He also had a 6 DRS in 2021, being one of the best shortstops in baseball this season. He is going to be 35 next season so I’m not too sure if he will put up the same numbers, but he definitely deserves to be in the top 10 here at #7.


  1. Francisco Lindor

Francisco Lindor has had a very interesting season. He started off the season not good, having an abysmal first 2 or so months. But since then, his offense has vastly improved, being a really good player for the Mets. The thing with Lindor is that he is nasty defensively and when he was with the Indians was arguably the best offensive shortstop as well. In 2020 in the shortened season he had a 104 wRC+ and in 2021 had a 103 wRC+. Mix that with the fact that he has a career 42 DRS, this makes him the 6th best shortstop in baseball.


  1. Xander Bogaerts

Xander Bogaerts got called up with the Red Sox in 2013, winning the World Series with the team and is currently the longest tenured member of the Red Sox. When he was first called up he struggled a little bit with the bat, but he really turned that around in 2016 and moved forward. Bogaerts might be one of the most well rounded hitters in all of baseball, as he has the unique ability to hit for power and contact at the same time. This is a guy that has 30 homerun power, can hit over .300, drive in 100 RBIs, and consistently hits for an wRC+ in the 130’s. His defense is far from perfect, as it is not very good. But when you hit like Bogaerts does, you are ok with the below average defense because his bat is just that good. 


  1. Corey Seager

Corey Seager came up with the Dodgers in 2015, and immediately put the league on notice with a really good run in 27 games that season. Ever since then he has continued to put up really good offensive numbers year in and year out. His average career wRC+ is 132, which is very high. He is a left handed bat that has pop, can hit for a decent average, and has had a lot of postseason success in his career. He is also ok defensively, as he is not elite but won’t cost you really any runs either. He has all the talent in the world, which is why the Rangers gave him a 10 year, $325,000,000 contract.


  1. Trea Turner

Trea Turner might be the most underrated player in baseball. Since coming up with the Nationals he has been a really good hitter, minus his 1st season in 2015. Trea Turner is not only phenomenal defensively, but he might be one of the best offensive shortstops as well. In the shortened season in 2020, he had a 158 wRC+ and a .982 OPS and a 142 wRC+ with a .911 OPS in 2021 split between the Nationals and Dodgers. He has always been good offensively but it wasn’t until just recently that he really took his game to the next level. He can also fly around the bases with 203 career stolen bases. He deserves a lot more credit than he gets, and is the 3rd best shortstop in baseball.


  1. Carlos Correa

Carlos Correa was drafted with the 1st overall pick in the 2012 MLB draft, drafting him with the expectations of being a super star. Well looking back at it now we can certainly confirm that the Astros made a phenomenal pick. Correa has been one of the most polarizing and controversial players for several years now, with the news breaking in 2019 about the Astros cheating scandal, which helped them win the 2017 World Series. However, any controversy around Correa has not been with his play. Whether you like him or don’t like him, he is one of the most talented players in baseball currently. His elite hitting abilities with his really good defense makes him one of the most intimidating players in baseball to pitch to. He’s so incredibly good, but there is 1 player better than him.


  1. Fernando Tatis Jr

If you are a die hard baseball fan like myself, it should be extremely obvious why Fernando Tatis Jr is the best shortstop in baseball. Since he made his MLB debut in 2019, he has been one of the most electrifying and outstanding players in all of the MLB. Tatis is a guy that can hit 40 home runs a year, have an OPS over 1.000, and has had a above 150 wRC+ in all of the seasons he has played. Those numbers are absolutely phenomenal. The only thing to improve for Tatis is that he did make a lot of throwing errors last season, but he was dealing with a not so great shoulder for the entire season. He is without a doubt the best shortstop in baseball, and he is one of the bright young stars of the game. Not to mention his glove is also phenomenal as well.


Covid Pets 

    By Olivia O’Rourke

Did your family adopt a pet during the pandemic?  According to the ASPCA, 23 Million Americans did! And the good news is that the majority of those families plan to keep them. That’s about 1 out of 5 homes in America that brought some sort of pet into their family during the pandemic.

What were some of the main reasons for all the ‘covid pets’?  “This incredibly stressful period motivated many people to foster and adopt animals, as well as further cherish the pets already in their lives, and our recent research shows no significant risk of animals being rehomed by their owners now or in the near future as a result of the lifting of pandemic-related restrictions,” said Matt Bershadker, ASPCA President and CEO.  Even as the quarantines are lifted, families are keeping the pets as part of their routine and their lifestyles. 

There were some concerns by the ASPCA that there would be a surge in returns once the quarantines were lifted and people started going back to work. But they offer a lot of resources and support to help pet owners who need it during the transition.  The good news is that in a recent survey, 87 percent of respondents shared that they are not considering rehoming their animal, suggesting that pet owners remain committed to caring for their cats and dogs.  

In such a stressful time it is great to see that people found a way to not only help animals in need, but to also find a way to help their own stress. I personally adopted a kitten and got a horse, so I am part of the statistics and I know both of these amazing animals helped me get through the pandemic. 

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being an exchange student 

by Méline Palkovic

When my sister started talking about it, I knew right away that I would want to go, that I would want to be an exchange student. When I really think about it I’m not really sure why I decided to go; when people ask me even today I say that I wanted to discover a new country, a culture, sports, another language that I could speak fluently and also some change, something new that stands out from the everyday. But on the other side I just knew that this is what I wanted to do.

Before being able to leave, there are many steps: finding an association (unless you are leaving privately), creating your profile to find a host family, the documents to obtain the visa, the meetings preparation,… All of this requires preparation.  

Then, when the departure gets closer, we start to say goodbye to the people of our family until the real departure where in general we say goodbye to our parents. For me it was the hardest step before the trip. It’s something to say that you will not see your family again for almost a year. And also to leave his country for so long. I live in Switzerland, in Geneva, and I personally love the place where I live. Geneva is not too big a city, it’s not too crowded but there is a lot to do. There are the “rues basses” especially frequented for shopping, the different restaurants for all tastes, the jet d’eau, the old town and the numerous buildings and museums like for example the one of the red cross,… It’s my Home. 

Then, the departure, the trip, the arrival and the first meeting with our host family and our “new home”. I was excited to live in a new place and have a new bedroom. At the beginning I learned to know my “new family”, their habits, the activities during the weekends and the week… At first it’s a little “weird”. I remember when I arrived. My flights had been changed and I arrived at midnight. I was tired and a little lost, although Burlington airport is very small. And I saw them far away. They had made a sign with “Welcome Méline” written on it. We had two zoom before, but this was the first time I met them in real life. I was a bit stressed but it went really well. I was shy but after a time we got to know each other. At the beginning, literally you live with strangers but little by little they start to become a second family for you.

Many other exchange students told me that during the Christmas period it would be particularly difficult because for many people Christmas is an event that gathers all the family and where they spend time together. This is not my case. For me, so far it was very hard at the beginning, before starting school. Then, I started to do more things like going out with my host sister’s friends, going for walks, visiting my new city… ; now I am busy during most of the day with school and sports. It’s always hard at times, but it will get better.

One thing that helps me when it’s hard and I miss my family is to think about how lucky I am to be here and to be able to discover and do things that I’ve never done. I celebrated Thanksgiving, I’m going to spend Christmas in Arizona, skating on frozen lakes,… I also strongly advise new people in general to do sports. When you’re in a team it allows you to meet people easily. You integrate on the team, you make friends and it’s good for your health :)

I think being an exchange student is a unique experience. Everything you learn, whether it’s about the country you discover and the culture, the country, the language, the fact that you grow enormously in your autonomy, your way of thinking… I don’t hide from you that it’s hard (more or less depending on the person) and I think you have to admit it, it’s normal. But overcoming this difficulty makes you stronger. So if you’ve always wanted to go abroad for an exchange year but you’re not sure, you have doubts, you’re… Do it! 

Some pictures…

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Some pumpkins we made on Halloween. It was really fun to make. It took me about 3 1/2 hours to make it. Mine is on the small table, it’s two characters from a comic book. 

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Back in the summer, it had only been a few days since I arrived in the US and it was very hard. Tess (my host sister) suggested that I come to the lake to swim because one of her friends has a boat. It was so nice. In the picture from left to right there is Sophia, Sabina, Me and Tess. Today we all play on the same ice hockey team :)

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A few days during the Thanksgiving vacation we went to Maine. In the picture you can see the lighthouse overlooking the ocean. We visited and ate sushi, it was great!


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Murder, journalism, and justice: everything you need to know about Jamal Khashoggi’s death

By Ian Dunkley

Journalism and freedom of press are integral to the foundation of the free world. As such it is vital to protect our freedom of speech and the right to report on the events of the world. Journalism has become so important to modern society that DC officials have renamed a street name in honor of Washington Post journalist, Jamal Khashoggi, in protest against his murder on October 2nd, 2018. 

Jamal Khashoggi was a journalist, specifically known for his criticism of the Saudi Arabian government. Mr. Khashoggi was best known for his work covering the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the rise of Osama Bin Laden, the late leader of al-Qaeda. He wasn’t always in opposition with the Saudi Arabian government, in fact, for years he worked as an advisor to the government. He was also close with the royal family, until his self-inflicted exile to the United States in 2017. 

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Once in the States, Mr. Khashoggi worked as a writer for the Washington Post. Through this platform, he began to voice his criticism of the Saudi government and the policies of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salma. Although he frequently wrote about his fears of being arrested, he was forced to visit a Saudi consulate located in Istanbul, Turkey, to pick up divorce paperwork. He visited the consulate on September 28th, 2018, and he was instructed to return on October 2nd to receive the paperwork. He returned to the consulate with his finance Ms Cengiz and told her to wait for him. “He did not believe that something bad could happen on Turkish soil,” Ms Cengiz wrote. Mr. Khashoggi was last seen entering the building on CCTV footage.

Using this footage as evidence, the Saudi government denied any involvement in Mr. Khashoggi’s disappearance. Prince Mohammed of the royal family even went as far as to say that he had left the consulate. “after a few minutes or one hour [...] We have nothing to hide”. This official sequence of events was propagated for more than two weeks. Then on October 20th investigations revealed that Mr. Khashoggi had in fact died of an overdose. It was speculated that this occurred during a struggle where he was injected with a large dose of drugs. A local collaborator then was brought in to dispose of his corpse.


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 In the end, five people admitted to the murder while another 21 were arrested. Those involved denied the prince’s involvement with the murder, “[The crown prince] did not have any knowledge about it”. Five senior government officials were removed in response to the controversy. Punishment was harsh. Five people were sentenced to death and another 3 were given 24-year prison sentences. Only 3 of the accused were found to be innocent. These sentences have been controversial, with several arguments about the severity of the punishments, and others claiming the operation goes higher than a rogue group. 

Ms Callamard , a human rights advocate, said the trial represented “the antithesis of justice”, where the “masterminds” were never caught. Unfortunately, no definite answers can be provided as the case continues to evolve. 

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Recently, yet another suspect has been apprehended in Paris. The suspect’s name is Khaled Aedh Alotaibi and he was a member of the Royal Guard. The reason for his arrest came from his proximity to the location of Mr. Khashoggi’s murder. Mr. Khaled arrived at the consulate on October 2nd and was staying in the consulate’s general residential area. The importance of his arrest was that he may have answers to questions that the other convicted offenders do not. Being a member of the Royal Guard puts the suspect in connection with higher government officials. As the story is still evolving, perhaps this breakthrough will finally solve the level of involvement of the Saudi Arabian government.

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CVU Chamber Choir & Madrigal singers participate in Holiday Events

By Mazzy Ricklefs

The CVU Chamber Choir & Madrigal singers participated in two holiday events on Friday, December 10th. They attended the Madrigal Festival at St Joseph’s Cathedral in Burlington and then joined other high school choirs at the top of Church Street for a group performance by the giant Christmas tree. They then performed their own choral repertoire including Carol of the Bells and Deck the Halls for people passing by further down Church Street.

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On Saturday, they performed outdoors at “Winterfest”, an event hosted by the Vermont Children Trust Foundation. They performed a twenty minute set, three times, enjoyed by many families passing through Maple Street Park in Essex. Catherine Case and her family braved the chilly weather to listen to the performers. “It’s a nice break from the hustle and bustle of holiday preparations and reminds me that the season is really about joy,” she said. Wylie Ricklefs, a bass singer with the Madrigals, said,” It feels good to finally be able to perform for people after all the hard work we’ve put into this.”  These performances were a great kick off to the holiday season!   

These performances embodied the relief both students and community were feeling after a long period of Covid induced isolation. Not having public performances for so long, including the lack of live holiday musical programming in 2020 was hard on musicians and audiences across the board. The overall sentiment of both the performers and the audience was that they need each other and this happens best with in-person music. 

When asked about the impact these live holiday performances had on both students and their audience, CVU Choral Director Cameron Brownell responded, “Choral music is all about community, so it was very special to come together as a CVU community and as a Vermont community with other high school choirs from around the state. It was a powerful experience to gather around the tree on Church Street and join our voices together for the first time in 2 years! Although we’re still not back to pre-COVID concerts and events, everyone involved has been so grateful and appreciative of the opportunity to hear live music in the air. Singing prepares our hearts to connect with others and I know my students are happier and healthier because they sing together!

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By Asa Roberts

Drunk driving is the number one cause of automobile fatalities. On average, 29 Americans die every day due to alcohol-related crashes. Since 2000, an average of 10,000 deaths have been reported each year. As a result, Congress has passed a multitude of laws in an attempt to reduce fatalities; the latest of these laws, passed on November ninth , requires automobile companies to implement technology to reduce drunk driving rates.

New technology could potentially find it’s way into new vehicles by 2026. This law comes as part of a new 1 trillion dollar infrastructure package, in an attempt to improve auto safety and quell the increase in road deaths. According to the U.S. department of transportation in a 2020 survey, road deaths are up 18.4% from 2020. The United States Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg said in an October press release, “Today we are announcing that we will produce the Department’s first ever National Roadway Safety Strategy to identify action steps for everyone working to save lives on the road.” The package was approved by Congress on Friday, and is expected to be signed by president Biden soon. 

How will this affect you?

The truth, at least for now, is that it won’t. Automakers aren’t being pressured to implement these technologies until at earliest 2026. However, this mandate is a big step in the fight against drunk driving. As president of Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Alex Otte said in  a recent interview about the new mandates, “It’s monumental,” it marks “the beginning of the end of drunk driving.” 

Many students and teachers support these new safety precautions as a form of protection for themselves and their loved ones. According to a CVU student driver’s parent, “technology for preventing drunk driving is a necessity, not only for the drunk drivers themselves, but for the drivers around them as well.” While this new mandate isn’t expected to start making changes in the auto industry for at least another four years, you can expect this to be the first of many steps towards trying to end drunk driving.

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New Nightmare Emerges for Christmas Shoppers: Sony Cuts Back Production of PlayStation 5 even more due to Chip Shortages.

By: Harrison Young-Glatz

Sony’s PlayStation 5 is now the fastest selling console in history, and doesn’t seem to be slowing down yet. According to the NPD Group (a market research company) and Sony, the PS5 is the best selling console in terms of money and units sold. There have been 13.4 million consoles sold since its release on November 12th, 2020, and no hard numbers on money released by either company.

As the console’s first year is coming to an end, it is still selling out immediately every restock at retail, and it doesn’t look like things are going to change for Sony any time soon. The units sold in its first year rivals that of the Nintendo Wii, one of the most sold consoles of all time. What makes the PS5 so special is that it is still in such high, high demand after a full year of release, and things aren’t getting any easier either.

As of November 11th, 2021, Sony has declared that they are going to cut production of the PS5s even more due to shortages of essential parts like power management chips. Toshiba Corp., the biggest producers of these chips stated that things are unlikely to normalize even in 2022. 

These shortages will make Sony’s sales goals of 16 million units by March, and 23 million by 2023 very hard, but will make Christmas the next couple of years even harder.

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Scam Call or Spam Call?

By Ian Dunkley

HINESBURG, VT – Spam calls are an unfortunately common annoyance for many Vermonters. Most of us simply write them off as just that, an annoyance, but the truth surrounding these calls is much more sinister. 

Vermont has an unusually high amount of spam calls, especially when taking into account the population being only 625,000 people. When analyzing the results from a spam call blocking app called Truecaller in 2021, it was revealed that approximately 1.1 million spam calls were directed towards Vermonters. While this number is already staggering, it becomes even more interesting when considering the total number of spam calls recorded by the app being 11 million between March and September. Despite Vermont’s relatively small population size, it received approximately 10% of all total spam calls.


While these numbers are quite high, they don’t show the true danger spam calls pose to Vermont as a whole. Data collected during 2020 by the Vermont Attorney General’s office showed that a total of 249 Vermonters were scammed as a result of these calls. The amount of money that was taken from these people was estimated to be 1.5 million dollars in total. That’s over 6 thousand dollars per person. In comparison with the 30 million dollars stolen nationwide, Vermont holds a large portion relative to its total population.

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As it turns out these numbers are unusual. A company called Strategic IT Partner was routing thousands of foreign scam calls directly to Vermont. This Florida-based company now faces fines of up to 67 thousand dollars if they do not screen the legitimacy of the calls they reroute. Although this company has been penalized, this doesn’t spell the end for scam calls in Vermont. In light of this, please be aware of the calls you receive as well as the information you disclose over the phone.


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Cross country costume race

By Mina Radivojevic

FAIRFAX, VT- From Tree (Oliver King), to Lumberjack (Owen Deale), to Trash (Charli Geravelli)…

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…to Tinkerbells (Josie Sayre and Eliza Amsbery)…

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…to Mom (Nico Cuneo) and Pregnant Santa (Mario Robinson)…

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…to Princess (Evie Schumann) and Winnie the Phoo (Lindley Pickard)…

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…to The Lorax duo (Thomas Geravelli and Logan Pickard)…

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…to the whole Despicable me crew (Ava Rohrbaugh, Mia Marino and Jameson)…

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…and of course, Bananas (Eliza McLean and Matt Lollis)…

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All of them raced on October 5th in the Fairfax Costume race, which was more than dazzling. CVU, as always, was very successful. Besides original costumes that won awards for their creativity…

…like The Death Combo (Segoleine Johnson and Annalise Wood)

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And The Magic Eight Balls (Phoebe Denniso, Maddie Haydock, Mina Radivojevic, Olivia StPeter, Chloe Stidsen and Anna Van Buren),

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CVU also took the top three awards for speed. Third place went for Business Men (Ben Mcauliffe and Greg Seraus, respectively).

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Second place went to Accountants (Jack Crum and Kody Guiterman).

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And the first place went to the Minions duo (Brandon Milatello and Jameson McEnaney).

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What will covid restrictions look like for top VT ski resorts this winter?

By Mazzy Ricklefs

Ski season is right around the corner and many are curious what it will require to be out on the slopes safely this year. How will it compare to last year? According to CVU students and the Burlington Free Press, these are the top resorts in Vermont and some of the requirements needed to enjoy your time. 

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Sugarbush Resort 

 Sugarbush is definitely a favorite of many in and out of state skiers. According to the Burlington Free Press, Spokesman John Bleh says Sugarbush plans on not having any restrictions outdoors, but if things drastically change the resort will follow local guidelines. “If the town of Warren decided to reinstate masks, we would as well,” Bleh said. As far as being indoors, masks are recommended and required for unvaccinated staff. Sugarbush’s owner, Alterra Mountain Company, is considering more aggressive measures but hasn’t made any final decisions. 


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Smuggler’s Notch Resort 

Smugg’s will be similar to Sugarbush this year, in the sense that the ski area will be pretty open and flexible. As far as indoors, masks will be required rather than just recommended, even if you are vaccinated. “Now that we’re going into the ski season, it’s an outdoor sport so naturally people are wearing goggles and masks,” Spokeswoman Stephanie Gorin said. “We’re not requiring masks on the lifts, but most people wear them.”


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Jay Peak Resort 

Jay Peak plans to follow any mandate the State of Vermont issues concerning masking and distancing. Jay Peak will not be limiting the number of tickets sold, according to Toland. Spokesman J.J. Toland states that, “One of the advantages we have up here is that we are so far up here,we don’t see the crowds that some of the southern resorts get and those that do make the trip (to Jay Peak) take comfort in that fact. The short of it, we expect to have a great winter.”

As far as places like Killington Resort and Bolton Valley Resort, they are still deciding what their COVID-19 protocols will be for this year. Last year, Bolton followed all guidance from the State of Vermont, CDC and OSHA so it is assumed that will most likely be the case this year as well. 


COP 26 Leads the Climate Concern Conversation

by Vivie Babbott

Are you concerned about our climate? Starting on October 31st and continuing through November 12th, over 100 world leaders are attending the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, or COP 26. This year the conference is being held at the Scottish Event Campus in Glasgow, Scotland. The purpose of this assembly is to assess the world’s progress towards the 2015 Paris Agreement, and for world leaders to agree upon coordinated action to combat climate change.

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(Photo courtesy of Reuters.com)

Though most countries will be represented in one way or another, Chinese president Xi Jinping, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro, and Russian president Vladmir Putin will not be attending the conference. Along with these three key absences, presidents of  Mexico, South Africa, and Iran will also be missing COP 26. Queen Elizabeth of Britain, who was originally attending, has pulled out of the meeting due to doctor’s orders to rest. She will continue to participate virtually.

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(Photo courtesy of The Washington Post)

COP 26 has already seen the start of climate successes so far. The European Commission President announced around 100 nations have signed a global pledge to cut methane emissions by 30% (as of 2020 levels) by 2030, which is expected to immediately slow climate change. In addition to this, the US, France, UK, Germany, and European Union have agreed to fund South Africa´s shift away from coal. This could pave the way for other developing countries, who contribute largely to pollution. The pledge to end deforestation by 2030 turned into solid budget commitments including the European Union, US, and UK. Their budgets are, respectively, $1.1 billion, $9 billion, and $2 billion (all in USD).

The Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) is a group which brings together the top 48 countries most at risk from climate change. CVF held a meeting at COP 26 on Tuesday, calling upon rich countries to assist in their transition to green economies. Ghana is one of the countries in CVF, and Ghana’s president Nana Akufo-Addo stated ¨The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change shows Africa is warming faster than any continent in the world even though we are the least emitters.¨ One of the CVF´s request was 500 billion in climate finance between 2020 and 2024. Half of this for mitigation through reducing carbon emissions, and half for adapting to climate impacts.


(Photo courtesy of https://panafricanvisions.com/)

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What’s up with winter sports?

By Asa Roberts

As fall sports come to a close, it’s time to start looking at the upcoming winter season. This year has a plethora of opportunities to get active! From hitting the slopes with the alpine ski team to trying out the all new girls wrestling team, there’s something for everyone! 

Cross Country skiing: 

Are you looking for a great way to get outside and stay in shape this winter? Take a look at cross country skiing! No experience necessary, skiers of all levels and competitiveness are welcome to join. Nordic skiing practices every day after school at the local ski center Sleepy Hollow (once there’s snow). Sleepy Hollow is a Great place for skiers of all abilities, and passes work all year round for skiing, snowshoeing, hiking and biking. If you enjoy being outside and staying fit, you are in luck. Coach Sara Strack will be heading the CVU team this year once again, and will surely make this season amazing. Cross country skiing had its first meeting last Thursday the 28th. Missed it? No worries! You can learn more about nordic by visiting CVU nordics website here, or by emailing coach Strack.

Alpine skiing:

More into going down the hills? Check out the Alpine ski team. The ski team starts their season before the snow falls with workouts and practices in the mini gym. Ski team is open for new racers, as well as veterans, so no matter what your level of experience, you are sure to fit in. Alpine racing practices at Cochrans during the week, and heads up to Sugarbush on Saturdays for training on the big hill. If you are interested in picking up racing, or have any questions regarding the season, be sure to reach out to assistant coach Lee Morse laxcoach.vt@myfairpoint.net. Alpine  skiing starts soon so be sure to check it out!

Indoor track:

If you are interested in staying fit, or preparing for track and field this spring, check out indoor track club. Indoor track is a great option if you are looking for a low commitment sport, or if you are wanting to practice every day. Indoor track practices at parisi on mondays and tuesdays, with plenty of opportunities for carpooling, so don’t let rides deter you. Meets are on Saturdays at the indoor track at UVM, and are optional. Looking for a way to practice field events?Indoor tracks got that too! Both track and most field events are available. If you are interested, or want to learn more, email coach Elise Seraus at cvuindoortrack@gmail.com.


Both boys and girls basketball are back in full swing this year! With the girls season being tragically cut short right before the championship game two years ago, and no fans being allowed at games last year, both teams are more excited than ever to lace up and play. Boys Basketball will once again be having a varsity, JVA, and JVB team this year, and the all star coaching staff will be returning. Coach Osborne, who brought last year’s team to the quarterfinals is returning this year to make another run. CVU’s very own Seth Emerson will be coaching JVA, and Pat Keogh will be the JVB coach. If you are interested in trying out for the basketball team, email Coach Osborne or talk to CVU’s Seth Emerson.  

Girls Basketball is excited to be back on the court! The girls will be having three teams as well this year, and will be head coached by Ute Otley once Again. The girls will surely be dominant once again this year, so even if you aren’t a player, be sure to go watch and support. The girls host open gyms during preseason. To learn more, email coach Otley.


CVU is excited to offer wrestling opportunities for both boys and girls this year! Wrestling is an awesome opportunity to get fit and build self confidence for everyone. Gunnar Olson will be coaching the wrestling team this year, and the team is open to wrestlers of all experiences and abilities, contact coach Olson at olsonsitedesign@myfairpoint.net. Ladies, if you are interested, contact CVU student Cassidy Flemming  at 469-773-1889 for more information or any questions. Be sure to check out CVU wrestling’s website here.


With floor, beam and bar events, CVU gymnastics has something for everyone. Following an amazing 2020 season where they took home gold, gymnastics had a modified season during 2021, and are looking forward to getting back to normal for the 2021 season. Coach Madison Bordeau is back again to lead the team. Practices are held at Green Mountain Training Center in Williston, and are every day. If you are looking into gymnastics this year, contact Dan Shepardson.


CVU’s hockey teams are starting up soon, so lace up your skates and get out on the ice. The girls once again are teaming up with MMU to form the Cougarhawks. The girls head coach Scott Bushweller will be returning along with his stellar coaching squad, and are officially taking over the program from MMU, but will keep the name Cougarhawks. Boys hockey is looking forward to a great season this year, with head coach J.P. Benoit returning. Both girls and boys hockey hold open ice sessions throughout the year, and the season is starting up soon. Contact Dan Sheperdson for more information.